Animal husbandry plays a vital role in socio-economic life of Phek district people and they rear domestic animals pig, poultry, cattle, buffalo, goat, rabbit etc. They also keep Mithun in semi-wild condition. Majority people of the district are non vegetarian and hence having high demand of meat and egg. Due to low production performance of the local animals with traditional rearing practices, production performance of livestock in the district is not up to the mark to fulfill the meat, egg and milk demand of the district. Hence, this sector has great prospect and potentiality for development in the district

Distribution of circle-wise livestock population in Phek district

Block/Circle-wise of Cross-bred Cattle population of Phek district (17th Quinquennial Livestock Census, 2003)

S.N DISTRICT:
PHEK
NAME OF BLOCK/CIRCLE
No. of households
covered
CROSSBRED CATTLE
MALE FEMALE Total
Crossbred
Total Crossbred Male Total
Crossbred
Female
1 Sekrezu 1784 274 385 659
2 Phek 4507 18 128 146
3 Zuketsa 77      
4 Phokhungri 597 173 210 383
5 Meluri 1825 120 192 312
6 Chizami 2420 54 172 226
7 Sakraba 1739 4 25 29
8 Chazouba 1925 106 151 257
9 Chetheba 1568 605 808 1413
10 Khezakeno 702 366 409 775
11 Pfutsero 4495 109 309 418
  Phek Total 21639 1829 2789 4618
  Urban 2054 132 79 211
  Rural 19585 1697 2710 4407

 

Block/Circle-wise of Indigenous Cattle population of Phek district (17th Quinquennial Livestock Census, 2003)

S.N DISTRICT: PHEK NAME OF BLOCK/CIRCLE

No. of households covered Indigenous CATTLE
MALE FEMALE Total Indigenous cattle
Total Indigenous male Total Indigenous Female
1. Sekrezu 1784 337 83 420
2. Phek 4507 327 317 644
3. Zuketsa 77 83 70 153
4. Phokhungri 597 210 88 298
5. Meluri 1825 520 387 907
6. Chizami 2420
7. Sakraba 1739 239 119 358
8. Chazouba 1925 594 609 1203
9. Chetheba 1568 1075 1403 2478
10.

Khezakeno 702 234 433 667
11. Pfutsero 4495 961 870 1831
  Phek Total 21639 4580 4379 8959
  Urban 2054 6 9 15
  Rural 9585 4574 4370 8944

Block/Circle-wise of Buffaloes population of Phek district (17th Quinquennial Livestock Census, 2003)

S.N DISTRICT:
PHEK
NAME OF BLOCK/CIRCLE
No. of households
covered
BUFFALOES
MALE FEMALE Total
Buffaloes
Total
 Male
Buffaloes
Total
Female
Buffaloes
1. Sekrezu 1784
2. Phek 4507 11 51 62
3. Zuketsa 77
4. Phokhungri 597 193 2 255
5. Meluri 1825 688 323 1011
6. Chizami 2420 4 20 24
7. Sakraba 1739
8. Chazouba 1925 15 2 17
9. Chetheba 1568 304 424 728
10. Khezakeno 702 228 161 389
11. Pfutsero 4495 263 355 618
12. Phek Total 21639 1706 1398 3104
  Urban 2054 88 107 195
  Rural 19585 1618 1291 2909

Block/Circle-wise of Pig population of Phek district (17th Quinquennial Livestock Census, 2003)

S.N

DISTRICT:
PHEK
NAME OF BLOCK/CIRCLE

 

NO. OF HOUSEHOLDS
COVERED

PIG

CROSS-BRED / EXOTIC

INDIGENOUS / LOCAL

Total
Pig

MALE

FEMALE

Cross-
Bred
Total

MALE

FEMALE

Indigenous
Total

Total Total Total Total
1. Sekrezu 1784 1523 1101 2624 441 502 943 3567
2. Phek 4507 4244 2017 6261 9844 2327 12171 18432
3. Zuketsa 77 157 61 218 1445 1136 2581 2799
4. Phokhungri 597 1023 1071 2094 741 712 1453 3547
5. Meluri 1825 2444 1516 3960 3241 2187 5428 9388
6. Chizami 2420 1345 57 1042 1402
7. Sakraba 1739 1012 142 1154 101 111 212 1366
8. Chazouba 1925 1630 709 2339 1236 701 1937 4276
9. Chetheba 1568 1416 1386 2802 2036 1822 3858 6660
10. Khezakeno 702 844 390 1234 57 33 90 1384
11. Pfutsero 4495 2446 2274 4724 1687 2089 3776 8500
12. Phek Total 21639 18084 10728 28812 20829 11620 32449 616261
  Urban 2054 387 137 524 524
  Rural 19585 17697 10591 28288 20829 11620 32449 60737

Block/Circle-wise of Fowls population of Phek district (17th Quinquennial Livestock Census, 2003)

S.N

DISTRICT:
PHEK
NAME OF BLOCK/CIRCLE

 

NO. OF HOUSEHO-LDS
COVERED

FOWLS

Cocks

Hens

Chickens
(Below 5 months)

Total
Fowls

Total

Total

Total

1. Sekrezu 1784 3307 5087 6097 14491
2. Phek 4507 19828 25336 53001 98165
3. Zuketsa 77 2823 4152 15832 22807
4. Phokhungri 597 3311 3125 8601 15037
5. Meluri 1825 8448 8408 30613 47469
6. Chizami 2420 2340 3501 24418 30259
7. Sakraba 1739 5290 6403 11283 22976
8. Chazouba 1925 3969 3059 19916 26944
9. Chetheba 1568 4243 4842 23555 32640
10. Khezakeno 702 2719 5133 11170 19022
11. Pfutsero 4495 4073 6975 14855 25903
12. Phek Total 21639 60351 76021 219341 355713
  Urban 2054 8335 9925 23414 41674
  Rural 19585 52016 660196 195927 314039

Block/Circle-wise of Goat and Rabbit population of Phek district (17th Quinquennial Livestock Census, 2003)

S.N

DISTRICT:
PHEK
NAME OF BLOCK/CIRCLE

 

NO. OF HOUSEHO-LDS
COVERED

GOAT

RABBIT

Male

Female

Total
Goat

Angora

Other breeds

Total
Rabbit

Total

Total

Total

Total

1. Sekrezu 1784 91 122 213 - 37 37
2. Phek 4507 146 218 364 32 3391 3423
3. Zuketsa 77 235 453 688 - 78 78
4. Phokhungri 597 584 683 1267 - - -
5. Meluri 1825 728 798 1526 18 501 519
6. Chizami 2420 7 9 16 15 14 29
7. Sakraba 1739 55 147 202 6 - 6
8. Chazouba 1925 186 221 407 267 233 500
9. Chetheba 1568 619 937 1556 1130 170 1300
10. Khezakeno 702 31 36 67 - 25 25
11. Pfutsero 4495 44 24 68 25 - 25
12. Phek Total 21639 2726 3648 6374 1493 4449 5942
  Urban 2054 4 6 10 - - -
  Rural 19585 2722 3642 6364 1493 4449 5942

Block/Circle-wise of Duck population of Phek district (17th Quinquennial Livestock Census, 2003)

S.N

DISTRICT:
PHEK
NAME OF BLOCK/CIRCLE

 

NO. OF HOUSEHOLDS
COVERED

DUCK

Ducks

Drakes

Duckling below 6 months

Total
Ducks

Total

Total

Total

 

1. Sekrezu 1784 191 945 76 1212
2. Phek 4507 1183 497 313 1993
3. Zuketsa 77 831 107 386 1324
4. Phokhungri 597 454 568 1206 2228
5. Meluri 1825 1210 518 1318 3046
6. Chizami 2420 - 55 103 158
7. Sakraba 1739 1103 - - 1103
8. Chazouba 1925 125 183 948 1256
9. Chetheba 1568 414 439 640 1493
10. Khezakeno 702 163 75 - 240
11. Pfutsero 4495 52 43 170 265
12. Phek Total 21639 5726 3432 5160 14318
  Urban 2054 132 352 980 1464
  Rural 19585 5594 3080 4180 12854

Block/Circle-wise of Sheep population of Phek district (17th Quinquennial Livestock Census, 2003)

S.N

DISTRICT:
PHEK
NAME OF BLOCK/CIRCLE

 

NO. OF HOUSEHO-LDS
COVERED

SHEEP

CROSS-BRED 

INDIGENOUS 

Total
Sheep

MALE

FEMALE

Total Cross-
Bred
sheep

MALE

FEMALE

Total
Indigenous
sheep

Total

Total

Total

Total

1. Sekrezu 1784 - - - - - - Nil
2. Phek 4507 - - - - - - Nil
3. Zuketsa 77 - - - - - - Nil
4. Phokhungri 597 - - - - - - Nil
5. Meluri 1825 36 5 41 - - - Nil
6. Chizami 2420 - - - - - - Nil
7. Sakraba 1739 - - - - - - Nil
8. Chazouba 1925 33 - 33 - - - Nil
9. Chetheba 1568 - - - - - - Nil
10. Khezakeno 702 - - - - - - Nil
11. Pfutsero 4495 - - - - - - Nil
12. Phek Total 21639 69 5 74 - - - 74
  Urban 2054 - - - - - - Nil
  Rural 19585 69 5 74 - - - 74

Block/Circle-wise of Mithun population of Phek district (17th Quinquennial Livestock Census, 2003)

S.N

DISTRICT:
PHEK
NAME OF BLOCK/CIRCLE

NO. OF HOUSEHO-LDS
COVERED

Mithun

Upto 3 years

Over 3 year

Male

Female

Male

Female

1. Sekrezu 1784 18 21 16 18
2. Phek 4507 59 58 43 44
3. Zuketsa 77 - - - -
4. Phokhungri 597 95 66 130 81
5. Meluri 1825 253 202 264 447
6. Chizami 2420 94 106 222 249
7. Sakraba 1739 230 138 173 161
8. Chazouba 1925 160 58 291 345
9. Chetheba 1568 72 24 162 48
10. Khezakeno 702 - 2 1 2
11. Pfutsero 4495 12 4 28 19
12. Phek Total 21639 993 679 1330 1414
  Urban 2054 - - - -
  Rural 19585 993 679 1330 1414

Technological gaps identified in existing livestock practices of Phek, Nagaland

SL. No.

Enterprise

Problems in Existing Practice

Recommended Practice

Gap Identified

1.

Poultry

No provision of night shelter

Provision of proper shelter at  night

Lack of housing provision

Improper feeding

At least 40-50gms grains or grain by-products/bird/day for backyard rearing

Zero or negligible feeding

High epidemics of RD

Adaptation of vaccination programme

No health coverage

Low production performance

Introduction of quality garmplasm

Lack of outstanding breeds

2.

Piggery

Low production performance of local pigs

Introduction of quality garmplasm and up gradation of local pigs with high performance breeds

Lack of outstanding breeds

Non-availability of piglets in the locality

Establishment of pig breeding unit

Lack of breeder farmers

Tendency of the farmers to produce pork on zero to negligible inputs

Proper housing and feeding management

Unaware about importance of proper  housing and feeding on production performance

Inadequate pig health coverage measures

To follow proper preventive and control measures

No health coverage

3.

Mithun

High epidemics of FMD

Adaptation of preventive measures

Unaware about vaccination and other disease control measures.

Compensation of mineral deficiency in high hill fodders by providing common salt only

Supplementation of mineral mixture

Lack of knowledge regarding role of  minerals on Mithun health

Parasitic infestation in young calves

To follow deworming schedule

Unaware of deworming

4.

Rabbitry

Very few  nos. of rabbit farmers

To popularize backyard rabbitry  to explore unconventional meet source 

Still not explored as conventional  meat species.

5.

Cattle

Low cattle population because of poor liking of milk

Demonstrate milk products

Less of knowledge on nutritional importance of milk on human health

Non-descript breeds of cattle with poor production performance

Introduction of improved breeds and up gradation through artificial insemination

Negligible  awareness on high yielding cattles and on AI.

Epidemics of FMD

To follow vaccination schedule

No health coverage

Action Photograph of Animal Science

Household livestock survey at Porba village
Training programme at Phusachodu village on scientific pig management
View of anthelmintic medication in mithun
View of vaccination programme
NFDB sponsored fishery training
Animal sc. exhibits at Kisan mela, 2008
Training on Scientific pig farming at Sakraba village
Rabbit demo. Unit at KVK farm premise